Registration under Act 36 of 1947:  L 7037

Organic standard:  SANS 1369:2016  Annex C; Table C.1
Substance
Description, Compositional requirements and conditions for use
intrants_q_a-bbb
Pyrethrums extracted from Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium that possibly contains a synergist.
Insecticide – The use of the synergist Piperonyl butoxide is prohibited

Xterminator

Notify your inspection authority of your intent, giving qualifying reasons.
Phytotoxicity has been recorded on certain pear cultivars and flowers, which can be linked to the naval oil or soft soap content.  It is therefore recommended to spray a small area first and ensure that no phytotoxicity occurs to cover all eventualities regarding non-compatibilities with residues of applied fertilizers, surfactants, adjuvants and other pesticide sprays. – Test in the heat of the day, spray the next evening.

Compatibility: This product may not be mixed with other agrochemicals.

Mixing instructions: SHAKE CONTAINER THOROUGHLY before adding to spray tank. Use clean water with pH 6-7.  Stir water in spray tank when Xterminator is added and agitate during application.  Use mixture on same day.

Commodity and Pest Application

Berries  (blueberries, blackberries, cranberries, dewberries (including boysenberry and loganberry), gooseberries, raspberries, blackcurrants, currants)    

500 ml/ 100 L
Foliar short of run-off
Target insect wetting
Not more than three 5-day intervals
PHI: 0 days
  Aphids (Aphis gossypii, Chaetosiphon fragaefolii, Myzus persicae), Thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis), Spotted maize beetle (Astylus atromaculatus) Gooseberry beetle (Lema daturaphila), Snoutbeetles and Weevils (Eremnus atratus, E.horticola, E.setulosus, Phlyctinus callosus, Sciobius tottus) and Flies

Brassica   (Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cabbage (including all varieties), cauliflower, collards, kale, kohlrabi, pakchoi)

500 ml/ 100 L
Foliar short of run-off
Target insect wetting
Not more than three 5-day intervals
PHI: 2 days
Bagrada bug (Bagrada hilaris), Green vegetable bug (Nezara viridula), Aphids (Brevicoryne brassicae, Lipaphis pseudobrassicae, Myzus persicae), Cabbage flea beetle (Phyllotreta capicola, P.mashonana) Potato snout beetle (Sciobius horni) and Flies

Curcubits   (butternuts, cantaloupes, cucumbers, gherkins, gourds, melons, musk melons, patty pans, pumpkins, squashes [including summer and winter squashes], watermelon, zucchini)

500 ml/ 100 L
Foliar short of run-off
Target insect wetting
Not more then three 5-day intervals
PHI: 0 days
  Aphids (Aphis fabae, A. gossypii, Macrosiphum euphorbiae, Myzus persicae), Thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis, Thrips tabaci), Ladybird beetles (Henosepilachna bifasciata, H.hirta), Leaf beetles ( Asbecesta cyanipennis, Diacanth fenestrata, Leptaulaca fissicollis, Prosmidia conifera, Sonchia sternalis) and Flies

Cereal grains (Barley, oats, rye, wheat)

500 ml/ 100 L
Foliar short of run-off
Target insect wetting
Not more than three 5-day intervals
PHI: 0 days
Chinch bug  (Macchiademus diplopterus, Nysius natalensis), Bagrada bug (Bagrada hilaris,) Maize leafhopper (Cicadulina mbila), Aphids (Diuraphis noxia, Metopolophium dirhodum, Rhopalosiphum padi, R.maidis, Schizaphis graminum, Sitobion avenae), and Flies

Citrus  (grapefruits or pomelos, limes, mandarins [including clementines, naartjies, satsumas and tangerines], oranges and tangelos)

500 ml/ 100 L
Foliar short of run-off
Target insect wetting
Not more than three 5-day intervals
PHI: 0 days
Leafhopper (Empoasca distinguenda, Epignoma natalensis), Shield bugs (Antestiopsis, Nezara viridula), White flies (Aleurocanthus spiniferus, A.zizyphi, A.woglumi, Aleurothrixus floccosus), Aphids (Aphis gossypii, A.spiraecola, Toxoptera aurantii), Mealy bugs (Delottococcus aberiae, Ferrisia virgata, Nipaecoccus viridis, Paracoccus burnerae, P.citri, Pseudococcus calceolariae, P.longisipinus), Thrips (Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis, Scirtothrips auranti), Blue-green citrus nibbler (Colasposoma fulgidum), Fuller’s rose beetle (Pantomorus cervinus) and Flies.
Post harvest 500 ml / 100 L ; submerge for 120 seconds
PHI: 0 days
Chinch bug  (Macchiademus [Blissus] diplopterus)

Grapes

500 ml/ 100 L
Foliar short of run-off
Target insect wetting
Not more than three 5-day intervals
PHI: 0 days
Krompokkel (Plangia graminea), Grapevine leafhopper (Acia lineatifrons, Mgenia fuscovaria), Mealybugs (Planococcus ficus, Heliothrips sylvanus), Beetles (Eremnus atratus, E.cerealis, E.chevrolati, E.setulosus, Naupactus leucoloma, Phylctinus callosus, Sciobius tottus, Tanyrhynchus carinatus), Chinch bug  (Macchiademus [Blissus] diplopterus) and Flies

Guavas

as above
Coconut bug (Pseudotheraptus wayi), Mealybugs (Planococcus citri), Common fruit chafer (Pachnoda sinuata) and Flies

Leafy vegetables (endive, beet, lettuce, spinach, Swiss chard)

500 ml/ 100 L
Foliar short of run-off
Target insect wetting
Not more than three 5-day intervals
PHI: 2 days
Endive and Lettuce: Aphids (Aphis fabae, Myzus persicae, Nasonovia)
Beet, Spinach, Swiss chard:  Aphids (Aphis fabae, Macrosiphum euphorbiae, Myzus persicae), Potato ladybird (Epilachna dregei); Blue-green citrus nibbler (Colasposoma fulgidum), Spinach weevil (Gasteroclisus auricilliatus), Potato leafminer fly (Liriomyza Huidobrensis) and Flies

Olives

as above
Olive lace bug (Plerochila australis), African olive psylla (Euphyllura longiciliata), Sombre twig pruner (Cloniocerus krausii), Olive flea beetle (Argopistes capensis, A.oleae, A.sexyvittatus) and Flies

Pome fruits (apple, pears, quinces) 

500 ml/ 100 L
Foliar short of run-off
Target insect wetting
Not more than three 5-day intervals
PHI: 0 days
Aphids (Aphis spiraecola, A. gossypii, Erosima lanigerum, Macrosiphum rosae, Myzus persicae), Mealybugs (Pseudococcus calceolariae, P.logispinus, P.viburni), Thrips (Franklimiella occidentalis), Fruit nibbler (Odontionopa sericae), Snout beetles and weevils (Eremnus atratus, E.cerialis, E.setulosus, Pantomorus cervinus, Phlyctinus callosus, Sciobius tottus), Chinch bug  (Macchiademus [Blissus] diplopterus) and Flies.

Stone fruits (cherries, plums, apricots, peaches, nectarines, prunes)

500 ml/ 100 L
Foliar short of run-off
Target insect wetting
Not more than three 5-day intervals
PHI: 0 days
Aphids (Eriosoma pyricola), Mealybugs (Pseudococcus calceolariae, P.logispinus, P.viburni), Fruit nibbler (Odontionopa sericae), Snout beetles and weevils (Eremnus setulosus, Phlyctinus callosus), Chinch bug  (Macchiademus [Blissus] diplopterus) and Flies.

Tomatoes

500 ml/ 100 L
Foliar short of run-off
Target insect wetting
Not more than three 5-day intervals
PHI: 0 days
Large black tip wilter (Anoplocnemis curvipes, Elasmopoda valga), Milkweed bug (Spilosthethus pandurus), Green vegetable bug (Nezara viridula), Whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci, Trialeurodes vaporarium), Aphids (Aphis fabae, Macrosiphum euphorbiae, Myzus persicae), Thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis, F.schultzei, Thrips tabaci), Fruit and flower chafers (Dischista cincta, Pachnoda sinuata, Pedinorrhina trivittata, Pedinorrhina hebreae, Tephraea dichroa, T.leucomelona), Potato ladybird (Epilachna dregei), Solanum ladybird (Henosepilachna hirta), Brinjal tortoise beetle (Conchylotenia hybrida, C.tripuncticollis) and Flies

Oak trees 

500 ml/ 100 L
Foliar short of run-off
Aphids

 

Identifikasie
‘n Geel vloeistof met ‘n sitrusvrug reuk
Beskrywing
Xterminator is ‘n kontakdoder vir insekte.
Toepassing

Dit is baie effektief oor ‘n wye reeks van insekplae soos bv. blaaspootjie, blaarspringer, blaarmynervliegies, kewers, miere, myte, plantluise, rooispinnekop, ruspers en witvlieg. Kan saam met Bio-Insek en / of Bio-Mantis gebruik word.  Kan ook saam met Bio-Impilo aangewend word.

Gebruiksaanwysings
Dosis: 500 mL Xterminator per 100 l water
Aanwending: Was spuitkan goed uit om alle moontlike spore van gifstowwe te verwyder. Vul kan met helfte van die water (pH 6.0 – 7.3) benodig. SKUD DIE XTERMINATOR-HOUER GOED. Voeg die regte hoeveelheid Xterminator by die water, en meng. Vul die spuitkan tot by die verlangde vlak terwyl aanhoudend geroer word. Spuit plante deeglik nat. Dien of vroeg oggend of laat middag toe. Moenie spuit as die lugtemperatuur 30°C oorskry of indien die relatiewe lugvogtigheid laer as 30% daal nie.

Veiligheidsmaatreëls
Die konsentraat is giftig en moet versigtig gehanteer word. Indien op vel gemors, spoel onmiddellik af met water. Indien in geslote ruimtes gespuit moet die gepaste beskermende klere en gasmaskers soos met die gebruik van gewone chemiese gifstowwe gebruik, gedra word. Hou buite bereik van kinders en oningeligtes.

PESTICIDE INFORMATION PROFILE

Active(s):         Natural phyrethrins / pyrethrum (CAS 800-34-7) 0.75%; a concentrate retrieved and unpurified from citrus peels and pips containing d-limonene (CAS 5989-27-5) and potassium soap (CAS 67701-09-1)

Toxicity:           PAN Bad Actor Chemical: Not listed

Health risks human:  Acute: May cause asthmatic breathing, sneezing, nasal stuffiness, headache, facial flushing and swelling, burning and itching. LD50 oral children 50 mg/kg, adults 100 mg/kg  Cronic:   low chronic toxicity to humans – skin irritation.  Carcenogenisis: No  Cholinesterate inhibitor: No

Environmental Impact:  General: Natural Phyrethrins have little residual effects, since breakdown by temperature, UV-light and oxygen (air) is fast. Spilage of phyrethrins though is environmental unfriendly.  Bees:    slightly toxic; apply when bees are not active. Fish: toxic  Groundwater: No case study available

Minimal Risk Levels (MRLs)
Expected residue concentration per applied cm2: < 0.18 μg / cm2
ADI = 0.04 mg/kg/d; ArfD = 0.2 mg/kg according JMPR 1999
Expected time of complete breakdown of actives: 12 sunshine hours
Withholding period on crop peeled to be eaten: 0 days
Withholding period on crop eaten as harvested: 1 day

General Notes:

Natural phyrethrum / pyrethrin are extracted with solvents from flowers of the chrysanthemum plant.  Only 30% of the extracted pyrethrins constitutes the active compounds.  (0.36 g/l natural pyrethrin = 0.09 g/l sinthetic pyrethroid)

Pyrethrins have also been used orally as an anthelminitic without adverse effects at a recommended dose in adults of 20 mg and in children at 10 mg, given as a three day course, in the form of an emulsion formed by adding an alcoholic solution to water (Hayes JW 1982, Pesticides studied in Manchester Baltimare/London. Williams and Wilkins p.77-78). Pyrethrins have a wide margin of safety when used judiciously.

Occupational Health regulations have to be strictly adhered to and pyrethrins are to be treated as toxic regarding use and storage.

Pyrethrins are unstable in the presence of light, moisture and air.  It is rapidly oxidized and inactivated by air especially in the presence of alkalies (soaps).

References:  When inquiring please be specific.  hans(at)agroorganics.co.za

Whilst all care is taken in compiling information, Agro-Organics (Pty) Ltd or any of its staff can not guarantee that the information is absolute.  Research is ongoing and any contradiction can relate to results not yet known to us.  Please feel free to communicate your concerns with us and thereby creating a safer environment for all.

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